SERVANT LEADERSHIP, AFFECTIVE COMMITMENTS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP BEHAVIOR TOWARDS THE PERFORMANCE OF SMALL MEDIUM BUSINESSES (SMEs) “SONGKET WOVEN SILUNGKANG” SAWAHLUNTO REGENCY IN WEST SUMATERA
Songket Silungkang weaving as one of the cultures of the city of Sawahlunto Currently experiencing a decline in the performance of these SMEs which illustrates the decline in the performance of weaving employees. The purpose of this research is to find out and analyze the influence of servant leadership, affective commitment, and entrepreneurial behavior on the performance of weaving employees. The research method used a sampling method with a total of 84 people. The primary data is a closed questionnaire with a Likert scale, and processed using the SPSS program. The analytical technique used in this study is the Multiple Regression technique. Based on the validity and reliability test using factor analysis showed, the instrument used in the study was valid and reliable. The results of the study stated that servant leadership, affective commitment, and entrepreneurial behavior had a positive and significant effect on the performance. these variables can explain the performance variable by 54.5%. The rest is explained by other variables not observed in this study. Conclusions servant leadership, affective commitment, and entrepreneurial behavior affect performance. Future research is also expected to be carried out on a wider research object so that the research results can be generalized. In addition, it is also necessary to add other variables in predicting employee performance Future research is also expected to be carried out on a wider research object so that the research results can be generalized. In addition, it is also necessary to add other variables in predicting employee performance Future research is also expected to be carried out on a wider research object so that the research results can be generalized. In addition, it is also necessary to add other variables in predicting employee performance.
Handoyo, Seger. 2010. Measurement of Servant Leadership as an Alternative to Leadership in Higher Education Institutions During Organizational Change. Makara, Journal of Social Humanities, Vol. 14, No. 2
Harwiki, Wiwiek. 2013. Influence of Servant leadership to Motivation, Organization Culture, Organization Citizenship Behavior (OCB) and Employee's performance in Out Standing Cooperativee East Java Province, Indonesia. Journal of Business and Management, vol. 8, pp. 50-58.
Koesmono, Teman H. 2014. The Influence of Organizational Culture, Servant leadership, and Job Satisfaction to Ward Organizational Commitment and Job Performance Through Work Motivation as Moderating variables for Lecturers in Economic and Management of Private Universities in East Surabaya. Educational Research International. Vol. 3(4).
Lisa, Oyong, 2019, The Influence of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Organizational Innovation on MSME Performance, JEMA: Scientific Journal of Accounting and Management, Vol. 16 No. 2 (2019), http://research.unisma.ac.id/index.php/jema (e-ISSN: 2597-4071)
Kurniawan, Thomas. 2019, The Influence of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance at PT. Tata Mulia Nuasantara Indah With Perception of Organizational Culture as Mediation, AGORA Journal Volume 7. No : 1, 2019.
Muji Rahayu, 2019, The Effect of Servant Leadership on the Performance of Processing Employees at the Mail Processing Center Bandung Office, Journal of Management & Accounting Science Volume XI No. 1 / February / 2019.
Parinding, Roberto Goga (2017), Analysis of the Effect of Affective Commitment, Continuity Commitment, and Normative Commitment to Employee Performance at PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Ketapang Branch, Magistra, Journal of Management Science Vol. 1 No.2 August 2017 ISSN : 2442-4315 (Online).
Perry TS, 1995. How Small Firm Innovation: Designing A Culture For Creativity. Research-Technology Management, March-April
Purwandari. 2016. The influence of servant leadership and organizational commitment on employee performance (study on Child Development Sponsor of Compassion Indonesia Cluster DIY Program). Source: eprints.uny.ac.id/43256/1/LiaAnggraenyPurwandari_10408141047.pdf. Accessed on 27 November 2021
Tatilu, James. 2014. Transactional Leadership, Transformational, Servant Leadership Effect on Employee Performance at PT. Sinar Galesong Pratama Manado. EMBA 295 Vol.2 No.1 March 2014, p. 295- 304. ISSN 2303-1174Journal.
Vodey, M. 2010. The Relationships among Servant Leadership, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Person-Organization Fit, and Organizational Identification. International Journal of Leadership Studies. 6(1), p. 4-27.
Yulihardi. 2022. The Effect of Family Environment Religiosity and Self-Efficacy Against Entrepreneurial Interest in Economics Faculty Students Baiturrahmah University Padang. JMBT (Journal of Applied Management and Business) e-ISSN : 2715-7644 p-ISSN: 2716-2842 Vol.3 No.2 December 2020 Page 86-97.
Awan, Khuram Zafar., Ibnu-E-Waleed Qureshi., and Sadiya Arif. 2012. The Effective Leadership Style NGOs: Impact of Servant leadership Style on Employees' Work Motivation. International Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, vol.1, pp. 43–46.
Basalama, Marsitha Zubha Sakinah Basalama, Putu Saroyini Piartrini, The Effect of Servant Leadership and Organizational Commitment on Employee Performance in the Fund Division of Bank Sultra Kendari, E-Jurnal Management, Vol. 8, No. 10, 2019: 5984-6001 ISSN : 2302-8912
Hussain, Tajammal. Wajid Ali, 2012, Effect Of Servant Leadership On Followers Job Performance, (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore, Pakistan), Sci., Tech. and Dev., 31 (4): 359-368
Indartono, S., Chiou, H., & Chen, C.-HV 2010. The joint moderating impact of personal job fit and servant leadership on the relationship between the task characteristics of job design and performance. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business. 2(8), pp 42–61.
Karma, Seniorita, Subhan Efendi. 2018, Entrepreneurial Behavior in Large Citrus Farming Businesses in Pangkep Regency, Agrokompleks, Volume 17, Number 2, June 2018.
Mayer, RC, & Shoorman, FD. 1998. Differentiating antecedents of commitment: A test of March's and Simon's model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19, 15-28
Muhammad Aji and Palupiningdyah. 2016. The Influence of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance with Burnout as an Intervening Variable. Management Analysis Journal. Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, State University of Semarang. 5 (3) pp 178-88.
Yusdi. 2021. The Advantages of MSMEs and Their Development in Indonesia, https://www.ukmriau.com/dunia-ukm/keunggukan-umkm-dan-perkembangaannya-di-indonesia/.
Yulihardi, Yenni Del Rosa, Darman. 2022. Servant Leadership, Self Efficacy and Job Satisfaction, on the Performance of Managers of Alahan Panjang Tourism Object, Solok Regency. Asean International Journal of Business, Vol.1 No.1. pp 10-23
Buchanan, B. 1974. Building organizational commitment: The sociolization of managers in work organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 19, 533-546.
Bird, MJ. 1996. Entrepreneurial Behavior. Singapore: Irwin McGraw Hill.
Bintoro and Daryanto. 2017. Management of Employee Performance Assessment. Yogyakarta: Gava Media.
Dirlanudin. 2010. Entrepreneurial Behavior and Empowerment of Small Entrepreneurs in the Agro Industry: Case in Serang Regency, Banten Province, [Dissertation]. Bogor Postgraduate, Bogor Agricultural University
Gibson, Ivancevich, Donnely. 1997. Organizations (Translation), Fourth Printing. Jakarta: PT. Primary Script Excitement.
Greenleaf, RK 2002. Servant-leadership: A journey into the nature of legitimate power and greatness (LC Spears, Ed.) (25th Anniversary Edition). Paulist Press. New York
Harini, S and Kusumawati, 2007, Statistical Method Theoretical and Applicative Approach. Jakarta. Pretasi Pustaka Karya Publisher.
Cashmere. 2016. Human Resource Management (Theory and Practice).Depok.PT. King Grafindo Persada.
Meyer, JP, & Allen, NJ. 1991. A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89.
Meyer, JP, & Herscovitch, L. 2001. Toward a general model of commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 11(3), 299-326.
Mowday, RT, Steers, RM, & Porter, LW. 1979. The measurement of organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14(2), 224-247.
Musakabe, H. 2004. Seeking True Leadership, Amid Crisis and Reform. Jakarta: Image Publisher of Reformers.
Sugiyono. 2010. Statistics For Research. Bandung: Alphabeta.
Trompenaars, F. voerman. E.2010. Servant–Leadership across Cultures
Umam, Khaerul. 2012. Organizational Behavior. Bandung: Faithful Library.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.